Substance Use Disorders
When a person's use of alcohol or drugs leads to health issues, problems at work, school, or home and they use the substance despite the negative effects, it is known as a substance use disorder, commonly called substance abuse.
The common substances abused include:
- Opiates like heroin, opium, codeine, and narcotic pain medicines which cause drowsiness and in cases intense feelings of well-being, elation, happiness, excitement, and joy.
- Stimulants like cocaine, amphetamines, and ADHD medication which causes a boost of energy and focus.
- Depressants like alcohol, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, chloral hydrate and paraldehyde which cause drowsiness and reduce anxiety.
- Hallucinogens like LSD, mescaline, psilocybin ("mushrooms"), and phencyclidine (PCP, or "angel dust") can cause hallucinations and feelings of euphoria.
When individuals use or abuse these substances to a point where they cannot face daily life without them, it is known as substance use disorder, and professional help may be needed for treatment and rehabilitation.