Obsession and Compulsive Disorders
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder in which people who suffer from this condition have recurring unwanted thoughts or ideas (obsessions) that make them feel urged to do certain behaviour repetitively (compulsions). For individuals with Obsessive-compulsive disorder, it is impossible to ignore these obsessions as it would just lead to distress and anxiety where the ritualistic behaviour (compulsion) would release the stress. These obsessions and compulsions can affect one's quality of life as they are time-consuming and may interfere with one's ability to attend work, school or social activities and may lead to suicidal thoughts and behaviour.
What are the related symptoms?
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) usually involves obsessions and compulsions. Symptoms usually begin gradually and tend to vary in severity throughout life. The symptoms of OCD can affect daily life as these individuals spend a lot of their day dealing with their repetitive compulsions. OCD obsessions are repeated, persistent urges that cause distress or anxiety. They are often around themes such as:
- Fear of contamination or dirt
- Needing things orderly and symmetrical
- Aggressive or horrific thoughts about harming yourself or others
- Unwanted thoughts, including aggression, or sexual or religious subjects
In response to these obsessions, OCD compulsions are done to ease the anxiety they produce. These compulsions are repetitive behaviours that you feel driven to perform. Like obsessions, they typically have themes, such as:
- Washing and cleaning
- Following a strict routine
- Demanding reassurances