While every day, we feel a rollercoaster of emotions, mood disorders are disorders that affect your mood, making you go from extremely low (depressed) to extremely high (manic) in mood, to the point that it affects your abilities in daily life. These drastic fluctuations in mood can disrupt your relationships, education or job. The different types of mood disorders include major depressive disorder (or depression), dysthymia, bipolar disorder, cyclothymic disorder and disruptive mood dysregulation disorder.
What are the related symptoms?
The symptoms of mood disorders can affect daily life making daily tasks and demands of life difficult to deal with. Because there are different types of mood disorders, each type will have its own symptoms.
The general symptoms during a depressive state, however, often include:
- Loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed
- Eating more or less than usual
- Difficulty sleeping or sleeping more than usual
- Feeling "flat," like you just don't have the energy to care
- Feeling isolated, sad, hopeless, and worthless
- Difficulty concentrating
- Thoughts about dying and/or suicide
During a manic episode, symptoms that are common include:
- Periods of happiness, bliss and feeling on a ‘high'
- Irritability, agitation or excessive energy
- Feeling like you are invincible
- Impulsive and risky behaviour
- Racing thoughts
- Rapid speech
- Being easily distracted