Anxiety and Related Disorders
While everyone feels anxious or nervous every now and then. Making an important decision, taking a test or going for an interview are all occasions when we may feel anxious. Anxiety disorders, however, are different in that they cause distress that is constant for everyday experiences and issues. There are various forms of anxiety disorders including generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder and specific phobias. When anxiety and worry are overwhelming and disabling it can interfere with daily tasks, social situations and relationships and treatment should be sought.
What are the related symptoms?
Depending on the specific anxiety disorder, symptoms may differ. For example, generalised anxiety disorder will include general anxiety symptoms while panic disorder will have more extreme feelings of terror triggered by a feared object or situation. Social anxiety disorder will include the anxiety symptoms when in the presence of others while specific phobias will cause the symptoms to become present when confronted with the specific phobia.
The general symptoms of anxiety disorders include:
- Panic, fear and worry that is either brought on by a trigger or constant
- Problems with sleep
- Cold, sweaty, numb or tingling hands
- Shortness of breath
- Dry mouth
- Heart palpitations
- Tense muscles
- In cases of panic disorder, feelings of extreme terror
- In cases of social anxiety or specific phobias, actively avoiding certain situations or objects